History is rich with references to rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.), a small, perennial evergreen shrub native to the Mediterranean. Egyptians and Greeks considered rosemary to be a sacred plant, associated with love, death, and remembrance. In Egypt rosemary was used to embalm the dead, and sprigs were placed in tombs to symbolize the memory of the departed.In Medieval times rosemary was considered to be a love charm and a sign of remembrance and fidelity. Believing that rosemary would help a married couple remember their wedding vows, the herb was often placed on the bride's head as a wreath, and rosemary wine was used to toast the couple.As Ophelia says in Shakespeare's Hamlet ,"There's Rosemary, that's for remembrance: pray you love, remember."
believed that rosemary improved memory (the first smart drug?), and
students massaged rosemary oil into their forehead and temples before
In Greece, healers believed that rosemary could
treat problems of the liver, circulation, and digestion. In ancient
China the herb was considered effective for treating headaches and,
when applied to the scalp, was thought to cure baldness.
Many of the traditional
uses of rosemary are supported by modern research. In addition to the
essential oil eucalyptol (cineole), researchers have isolated a number
of potentially therapeutic compounds, including tannins, flavonoids,
caffeic acid derivatives such as rosmarinic acid,and diterpenes such
as carnosol or carnosic acid. All of these may have potential
therapeutic effects. In recent years, rosemary has developed a
reputation for antibacterial and antifungal action, and herbalists
recommend that the leaves be used externally for skin infections.
Of all the potential
therapeutic effects of rosemary, the most exciting is its role in
preventing cancer. Researchers have demonstrated that natural
polyphenols found in rosemary have potent anticarcinogenic properties.
To date, rosemary extract, or its active components, carnosol, carnosic
acid, and rosmarinic acid, have been shown to prevent cancer by several
Antioxidant — better than BHT
Research into the
free-radical quenching effects of rosemary havef......
A sliver of four-billion-year-old sea floor has offered a glimpse into the inner workings of an adolescent Earth. The baked and twisted rocks, now part of Greenland, show the earliest evidence of plate tectonics, colossal movements of the planet's outer shell. Until now, researchers were unable to say when the process, which explains how oceans and continents form, began. The unique find, described in the journal Science, shows the movements started soon after the planet formed. &quo...Glow in the dark lake in Australia
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Anthony North: We are facing dangers, today, from global warming. This essay is not going to argue whether this is man-made or a natural cycle as such, but is to suggest another avenue of research – into the relationship between climate and paranormal experience.Many researchers, including myself, have suggested that an environment can have an effect upon the mind. But does the present climate change offer a possibility of testing the hypothesis in action?Gaia: The idea that the Earth is a form ...Study explains rainforest similarities
Celebrated in Buddhist temples and cultivated for its wood and cottony fibers, the kapok tree now is upsetting an idea that biologists have clung to for decades: the notion that African and South American rainforests are similar because the continents were connected 96 million years ago. Research by University of Michigan evolutionary ecologist Christopher Dick and colleagues shows that kapok---and perhaps other rainforest--trees colonized Africa after the continents split when the trees' se...Prehistoric jungles laughed at global warming
Evidence has been found to suggest that giant creatures such as the massive one-tonne titanoboa snake would have thrived in hot jungles millions of years ago with temperatures significantlywarmer than those seen today."Fossil boffins say that dense triple-canopyrainforests, home among other things to gigantic one-tonne boa constrictors, flourished millions of years ago in temperatures 3-5°C warmer than those seen today - as hot...Ancient tsunami 'hit New York'
A huge wave crashed into the New York City region 2,300 years ago, dumping sediment and shells across Long Island and New Jersey and casting wood debris far up the Hudson River. The scenario, proposed by scientists, is undergoing further examination to verify radiocarbon dates and to rule out other causes of the upheaval. Sedimentary deposits from more than 20 cores in New York and New Jersey indicate that some sort of violent force swept the Northeast coastal region in 300BC. It may ...Did comets cause killer cold spell ?
Tiny diamonds sprinkled across North America suggest a "swarm" of comets hit the Earth around 13,000 years ago, kicking up enough disruption to send the planet into a cold spell and drive mammoths and other creatures into extinction, scientists reported on Friday.They suggest an event that wouldtranscend anything Biblical -- a series of blinding explosions in the atmosphere equivalent to thousands of atomic bombs, the researchers said.The so-called nanodiamonds are made underhigh-temperature, hi... Animal Language
One of the ways most animals communicate is with sound, they may neigh, bark,
purr or quack; we speak. These auditory messages convey
meaning for the species concerned. We understand words,
horses understand neighs, dogs understand barks and so on.
Quacks don?t correspond with words, neighs
mean little to cats, but what is universal is body language.
Animals can understand the body language of their species and of others.
They usually recognize a...Massive ice chunks break up in Antarctica
An ice shelf in western Antarctica is breaking up with huge ice chunks crumbling away and an area over 1300 square miles in danger of breaking off completely in the next few weeks."Massive ice chunks are crumbling away from a shelf inthe western Antarctic Peninsula, researchers said Wednesday, warning that 1,300 square miles of ice - an area larger than Rhode Island - was in danger of breaking off in coming weeks. . "...Global warming could change Earths tilt
It is thought that global warming could cause the Earth"s axis to tilt significantly within the next hundred years, with the rebound from melting ice sheets and the rise in sea levels both contributing to changes in the planet"s tilt."Warming oceans could cause Earth"s axis to tilt in the comingcentury, a new study suggests. . The effect was previously thought to be negligible, but researchers now say the shift will be lar...