Two of the pyramids of Giza , the last surviving wonder of the ancient world, were conceived as a single project--a sort of grandiose stage show to represent the final and most important part of a pharaoh's journey to the afterlife, an Italian study has concluded.It is widely believed that the pharaohs Khufu, his son Khafre and grandson Menkaure built their pyramids on the edge of a desert plateau at Giza between 2600 and 2450 BC. But according to Giulio Magli of the mathematics department at Milan's Polytechnic University, astronomical alignments and the landscape indicate that the two main pyramids, those identified with the tombsof Khufu and Khafre, were not built in different stages.
On the contrary, they were planned as a single, grand project."Khufu was the mind behind the project. He conceived both pyramids to have strong symbolic meaning. He wanted to state forever that his soul had joined the sun god," Magli told Discovery News.
which has been published on the Cornell University physics Web site
arXiv, suggests that Khufu planned the construction of two pyramids,
exactly as his father, Snefru, did in Dahshur. Only later did Khafre
claim for himself the slightly smaller pyramid.
Little is known about the 4th dynasty pharaoh Khufu (2589-2566 BC), whose only portrait is a tiny three-inch high statue.
Greek historian Herodotus
depicted him as a cruel despot who enslaved his people to buildhis
huge pyramid complex. But archaeologists dispute that account.
"The name of Khufu and his
pyramid is always attached to a popular notion that the pyramid was
built by slaves. But that was not the case, because the workers built
their own tombs near the pyramid of Khufu, and prepared their tombs for
eternity like nobles and officials. They were also paid by the king, or
worked instead of paying tax," Zahi Hawass, chief of Egypt's Supreme
Council of Antiquities, wrote on his Web site.
According to Magli, Khufu imagined himself as the "son of the sun god," who was thus destined for eternal life.
"What better way to prove this relationship than making the sun, himself, talk about it?" said Magli.
Indeed, during the summer solstice, a spectacular show appears to observers standingby......
In October, 2005, a truck pulled up outside the National Archeological Museum in Athens, and workers began unloading an eight-ton X-ray machine that its designer, X-Tek Systems of Great Britain, had dubbed the Bladerunner. Standing just inside the National Museum’s basement was Tony Freeth, a sixty-year-old British mathematician and filmmaker, watching as workers in white T-shirts wrestled the Range Rover-size machine through the door and up the ramp into the museum. Freeth was a member of the A...Did an Ancient Language of Universal Symbols Exist?
A computer in antiquity would seem to be an anachronism, like Athena ordering takeout on her cellphone. But a century ago, pieces of a strange mechanism with bronze gears and dials were recovered from an ancient shipwreck off the coast of Greece. Historians of science concluded that this was an instrument that calculated and illustrated astronomical information, particularly phases of the Moon and planetary motions, in the second century B.C.The Antikythera Mechanism, sometimes calledthe world’s...Ancient Nuclear Weapons!
it really possible that the Ancient Indians had the capacity to deploy
devastating nuclear weapons against their enemies? Moreover is it really
possible, as many Ufologists claim, that awesomely powerful nuclear weapons were
actually given to the ancient Indian warriors by extraterrestrials, highly
advanced spacemen from other planets? well passages from ancient Indian national
epics certainly Appear to be evidence of such astonishing claims.
It i...Ancient Egyptian Alchemy
Anthony North: In the early years of the 20th century an artifact was recovered from a shipwreck off the Greek island of Antikythera. Dated to about 80BC, it was considered a mere artifact. However in 1971 research on the Antikythera Mechanism showed it to have an intricate arrangement of gears, dials and graded plates. One theory is that it was a computing device to work out the movement of the Sun and planets. If this idea is true, then the ancients had a degree of technology way above previou...High-Tech Wars Described in Ancient Texts!
Sanskrit texts are filled
with references to gods who fought battles in the sky using Vimanas equipped
with weapons as deadly as any we can deploy in these more enlightened times.
Sanskrit texts are filled with references to gods who fought battles in the sky
using Vimanas equipped with weapons as deadly as any we can deploy in these more
enlightened times. For example, there is a passage in the Ramayana which reads:
"The Puspaka car that resembles the Sun ...Skeleton Shows Ancient Brain Surgery
Archaeologists have unearthed the skull of a young woman in northern Greece who is believed to have undergone head surgery in the third century, Greek news media reported Wednesday. A Greek team discovered the skeleton at an ancient cemetery in Veria, with the skull including an injury that led them to conclude the surgery had been performed. "We think that there was a complex surgical intervention that only an experienced doctor could have performed," said IoannisGraikos, the ...An Ancient Greek 'Computer'
by Derek J. de Solla Price From June 1959 Scientific American p.60-7
In 1901 divers working off the isle of Antikythera found
the remains of a clocklike mechanism 2,000 years old. The mechanism now
appears to have been a device for calculating the motions of stars and planets
among the treasures of the Greek National
Archaeological Museum in Athens are the remains of the most complex scientific
object that has been preserved from antiquity. Corroded and crumblin...