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Posted on Friday, August 18 - 2006

" Archaeological Survey of Ceylon North-Central and Central Provinces. Annual Report 1901 by H. C. P. Bell C.C.S. ,Archaeological Commissioner Ordered by his excellency the Governor to be Printed. Colombo: LIII - 1907 CEYLON. Printed by H. C. Cottle, Government Printer, Ceylon The Site of t..."

Archaeological Survey of Ceylon North-Central and Central Provinces. Annual Report 1901 by H. C. P. Bell C.C.S. ,Archaeological Commissioner Ordered by his excellency the Governor to be Printed. Colombo: LIII - 1907 CEYLON. Printed by H. C. Cottle, Government Printer, Ceylon

The Site of the Sakwala Chakraya on the bund of Tisavewa in Anuradhapura, Lanka. Text on this page extracted from an original copy of Annual Report. The photographs were taken when I visited the site in 1991, and again in November 1995. The site is unmarked and unknown to most tourist guides. Maybe it should remain that way until properly protected. Cave No 2 lies beneath the west face of the penultimate rock forming its back and roof and floor. It was entered by a few steps leading down from the rock ridge. A worn, and hardly recognizable asanaya of bricks rests against the rock at back. To the left (north) of this seat, or alter, is cut shallowly on the steeply projecting rock face a great chakra, or circle 6 ft in diameter, scored by rectangular divisions containing figures (mostly small circles), the whole girt, as a tyred wheel, by a band on which is displayed variant piscine and crustacean life swimming round from right to left.

The centre of the chakra is filled by a large circle comprising seven concentric rings, within a square 1 ft 2 in., to which cross lines are drawn vertically and horizontally from the encircling hand, cutting the chakra into quadrants. Further, parallel lines divide the circles vertically into ten strips, or slices, varying in width from 3 in. to 9 in., but matching to left and right of the central vertical line. All strips but the outer two are bisected by the horizontal base line and subdivided into dual or quadripartite partitions The outermost strips, unbisected, contain a single small circle, quadrisected by cross lines, and a figure of phallic suggestion. In each of the penultimate divisions right and left is a tiny circle in line with the horizontal bisection of the chakra, but nothing else. In the third pair are shown four more quadrisected circles, two and two, one in each of the upper and lower partitions left and right. The fourth strip to right contains four more such circles, bigger, and each in a separate partition. But that to left has compressed its circles into a quadripartite panel below the horizontal base line; leaving the upper panel free for four distinct diagrams - second seven.ringed circle (differing only in size from its larger counterpart in the centre of the chakra), beneath which are two umbrella~like emblems, and a pinnated three.forked figure -the whole interwined by a fret. Each of the eight divisions of the fifth strips, which meet as one broad band, above and below the concentric ringed circle on either side of the central vertical line of the chakra holds one of the small circles with cross lines ; the two left upper partitions containing also a square and a wavy diagonal line. Outside all these divisions is the 4 in tyre or band bounding the chakra...


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