After WW II, scientists started to pay
close attention to the issue of a supposedly once-existing civilization in
Antarctica. The hypothesis is confirmed by some medieval maps and research of
paleogeologists and glaciologists. In January of 1820, Lieutenant of Russian
Empire Fleet Mikhail Lazarev discovered a new continent. In the beginning of
20th century, a Russian encyclopaedia, while adducing the approximate square
milage of south pole continent, reported that it was insufficiently explored and
there was no flora and fauna. The author of the article also mentioned the
richness of the algae and sea life.
Twenty years later, the director of the
Istanbul National Museum, Khalil Edkhem, was sorting out a library of the
Byzantine emperors in an old palace. He found an ancient map made on gazelle
skin. On the map, there were the shores of western and southern Africa, as well
as the northern shores of Antarctica. Khalil could not believe hiseyes: the
shores of the Queen Mod Land, to the south of the 70th parallel, was free of
ice. An ancient cartographer marked a mountain chain there. The name of the
cartographer was known: an admiral of the Ottoman Empire fleet, Piri Reis, who
lived in the first half of 16th century. The map’s authenticity was without
doubt. Graphology examinations of the notes on the margin confirmed that they
belonged to the admiral.
In 1949, a combined British and Swedish
expedition conducted intensive seismic measurements of the South Pole through
the ice cap. According to the commander of 8th Technical Investigation Squadron
of the US Armed Force Strategic Command, Colonel Harold Olmayer, “ the
geographical details of the bottom part of the map (the shore of Antarctica)
correspond with the results of the seismic measurements. We cannot correlate
these data with the supposed level of geography in 1513.”
In his notes on the map’s margin, made
in the early 16th century, Piri Reis explained that he was not responsible for
the cartography and that the map was based on earlier sources. Some of these
“earlier sources” belong to his contemporaries (for example, to Christopher
Columbus), while others could be dated to the 4th century B. C. Not later,
because one of these sources belonged to Alexander the Great.Of course,
professional historians who specialize in ancient history could say the
following: “This is only one more hypothesis. What about documentary and, what
is more desirable, trust-worthy sources? The opinion of the Turkish admiral and
notes on a margin… You know, it is too disputable!”
Therefore, I would like to present the
position of the late historian and professor of Keene College in New Hampshire,
USA, Charles H. Hapgood. In the late 1959, he found in the Washington
Congressional Library a map created by Orontheus Phynius in 1531. Orontheus
Phynius depicted Antarctica with mountains and rivers, without glaciers. The
relief of the continent’s center was not marked, which, according to Hapgood,
could mean that there had been an ice cap in that area. In the early 1960s,
Phynius’ map was studied by Doctor Richard Stratchen of the Massachusetts
Technology Institute together with Hapgood. Both scientists concluded that
Phynius had indeed depicted Antarctica free of ice. The characteristics depicted
were very close to the information that was obtained in 1958 by specialists from
Well we definitely found Atlantis! This is according to Robert Sarmast. But who, exactly is Mr. Robert Sarmast? Mr. Sarmast was an architect who became fascinated with the search for lost civilizations and ancient history.For years he traveled, gathering facts in his pursuit of these ancient cultures. He was extremely interested in Atlantis. He published a book on the subject in 2003 entitled "Discovery of Atlantis" and has come to the conclusion that the island of Cyprus was where Atlantis existed.There are many theories as to where Atlantis existed. Lately the South Pole or Antarctica has been suggested. In the past so many different places have been chosen that if we were to make a list of them,they would cover many different areas of the Earth.
A few years ago ruins were found off the coast of Japan and many suggest that this was the location of Atlantis. The same is true with the Bahamas.
Bimini Road is said to be a relic of Atlantis. Another area which is
said to be where Atlantis was situated is South America. After all
there are many mysterious cities that have been abandoned there that
were built in such a way as to defy construction methods. In some of
these places the stones are so close together that even a sheet of
paper can't fit between them, yet no mortar was used. In other of these
cities, huge stone were hauled to the tops of mountains to be used in
city construction, a feat that we can't even equal today. There are
other places where Atlantis was suspected of existing and some of these
are in the middle of the ocean. Some people saythat Atlantis sank and
that is why we can't find its location. Oh there are so many different
stories about Atlantis.
So, why exactly do people
believe that they know were Atlantis was,. or in fact, that it even
existed? Homer, the famous Greek story teller and author, lived around
the 8th century BC. Originally it was believed by modern day people
that Homer was a great writer of fiction, but then things began to
happen that suggested that maybe his works weren't fiction after all.
The City of Troy was unearthed. Homer had written the Iliad, the story
of the battle between the Greeks and the city of Troy that lasted ten
years. All of a sudden a work that all though was fiction may have been
based on fact. People began to look at the Odessy, another of Homer's
famous works. If the Iliad were true than could the Odessy be true
also? This is important because many think that the......
The identical C Twins of China and Cuba, who teamed up to capitalize on the discovery of oil off Cuban waters in 2005, share something else in common. First came the `lost city’, that could be the fabled city of Atlantis, which was discovered by a Canadian scientific research team, off the western coast of Cuba.Not to be outdone, China can now boast its own underwater discovery of Mayan pyramid-like buildings: "Chinese researchers have found ancient buildings similar to Mayan pyramids under Fuxian Lake in China’s Yunnan province," (CRIENENGLISH.com, Jan. 1, 2006)."Gengwei, a professional diver, told reporters on December19th, 2005, that images from sonar scans showed that a large relic covering at least 2.4 square kilometers sits underwater in Fuxian Lake.
eight main buildings were found all under the water, including a round
building and two large high buildings with floors that liken to the
Mayan pyramids of Latin America."
The round one has been
described as similar to a colosseum in architecture, with a 37-meter
wide base and a gap to the northeast.
One of the large, high
buildings has three floors, a 60-meter wide base and lots of small
steps linking the floors.
Another is even larger, with a 63-meter wide
base standing five floors and a total 21 meters high.
A 300-meter long and 5 to 7 meter wide rock road connects the two buildings.
The complex,located in
present-day southern Yunnan province, is believed to be from an ancient
civilization dating back to the Qin and Han dynasties, approximately
2,000 years ago.
Fidel Castro’s Cuba meanwhile is laying claim to being the home site of the lost city of Atlantis.
Soviet-born ocean engineer
Paulina Zelitsky, the president of the Canadian-based company Advanced
Digital Communications (ADC), had detected what could be Atlantis in
deep waters off Cuba.
On May 28 2002, National
Geographic News reported on the recent discovery of megalithic ruins
some 2,200 ft. below sea level off the coast of Cuba. Interviewed for
the story was geologist, Manuel Iturralde, Director of Research at
Cuba’s Natural History Museum and consulting geologist for Canadian
exploration company ADC, based in Havana,Cuba.
The Atlantes at Tula are four colossal statues almost five meters in height which were discovered in a pyramid located in the archaeological zone of Tula, Hidalgo, located 40 miles from Mexico City.Some legends tell that the Toltecs, after mysteriously abandoning the city of Teotihuacan, built a replica that would later become the capital of Toltec culture. This city was named Tollan, which for many years was ruled by a dynasty of kings, priests and warriors, descendents of Quetzalcoatl (the feathered serpent, ancient god of Teotihuacan and protector of culture and civilization).Such is the case ofToptzin, who ascended the Toltec throne, took the name of Quetzalcoatl and consecrated himself to its service.
The name of Quetzalcoatl as god and Quetzalcoatl as king is said to have caused much confusion throughout Mexican history.
day the city of Tollan is known for its great pyramid
Tlahuizcalpantecuhtli, or the temple of the morning star, whose summit
holds the famous Atlantes of Tula. They are representations of gods,
warriors or Toltec kings that are believed to have been the pillars of
a former wooden roof on the temple. One can climb up this pyramid to
observe the Atlantes up close and appreciate the complex archeological
The Atlantes of Tula
measure approximately 4.96 m in height by 90 cm in width. Each one is
formed by four sections or blocks of wood that represent human figures.
The first sectionrepresents the head, which is found covered by a
headdress of feathers. The second and third sections form what would be
the body, and the fourth and last were the legs and feet. It is worth
mentioning that only a few of these statues have survived the passage
of time, so several of them have been restored.
In regard of the “clothing”
of these colossuses, the objects of great size that appear over the
ears of the figures grab the attention; the chest is covered by a great
plaque with the figure of a human being. The Atlantes also show
anatomical differences in their faces despite maintaining the same
expression, which bestows each one with a unique personality.Warriors,
kings, gods and more are some classifications used to identify the
Atlantes. Each one of the Atlantes holds an object in its right hand.
It is known that the Toltecs were an artistic, wise andcultured