The mysterious Upton Cave, a man-made granite chamber, is one of hundreds of such structures scattered across New England, according to an area historian.The caves -- ranging from Putnam County inNew York’s Hudson River Valley to southern Maine -- bear many similarities to "beehive" chambers built in Ireland by ancient Celtic tribes, said Barbara Toomey, the Massachusetts coordinator for the New England Antiquities Research Association. "They go back to the age of Stonehenge," she said of the Irish chambers. "There’s always the possibility that someonewho emigrated from Europe built it (the Upton Cave) in that style." Toomey said it is "entirely reasonable" the cave, a 10-foot by 10 1/2-foot chamber built into a hillside off Elm Street, is several thousands of years old.
. One theory reflects evidence suggesting ancient people crossed the Atlantic during the Ice Age, when waters were frozen over, she said.
Artifacts found along the East Coast appear to have originated in Europe,further supporting this claim.
The Upton Historical
Commission is negotiating with the cave’s owner, Gerald Cuccione, to
purchase the cave, hoping to use it for educational purposes and to
further study its history.
Access to the cave has been
restricted since Cuccione purchased the 7 1/2 acres on 18 Elm St. in a
September 2004 public auction. But the Rhode Island-based owner has
said he is willing to sell the land to the town and has set an asking
price of $550,000.
Many theories regarding the
cave’s history have been proposed in recent years: Historical
Commission Chairwoman Barbara Burke is "sure" Yankee farmers used the
cave for storage. It also may have been a sacred site for Native
These theories, as well as
the one Toomey suggests, are all supported on the NewEngland
. Scholars believe Stonehenge was built
between 3,000 and 1,600 BC.
Mubarak says the stones were placed on the desert’s edge deliberately, probably to worship the sun.
”The sun was worshipped in
the north of the Arabian Peninsula and the moon was worshipped in the
south. High ground wasnormally chosen for worship,” he said, surveying
the site near the Skaka oasis, 1,200 km (750 miles) from Riyadh.
”Some people say it was a
tribe turned to stone for doing unclean things, like using bread to
clean with or washing with milk,” Mubarak said. “But these are just
myths. We don’t want to connect the site now with religious things
since we want to encourage tourism.”
Rajajil could be related to “rijal”, modern Arabic for men.
”We have several mysterious
sites all over the Arabian Peninsula...but we have failed to know the
reason why they were made and who made them,” said Majeed Khan, a
Semitic script expert who has spent 30 years studying Arabian sites.
points of the octagon were then utilised as anchors for a surveyor's
rope which was used to "draw" arcs which intersected the circumference
so as to progressively create the sides of a vast polygon.
Indeed, his work has
demonstrated that a 56-sided polygon is the most complex that can
easily be created purely through square and circle geometry using a
single piece of rope.
It is likely that this
basic limitation determined the number of sides of Stonehenge's outer
polygon – and may also have led to the 56-sided polygon concept
becoming important within wider European religious belief. Ancient
Greek classical mythology associatedjust s......
. What makes them remarkable are their carved reliefs of boars, foxes, lions, birds, snakes and scorpions, and their age. Dated at around 9,500BC, these stones are 5,500 years older than the first cities of Mesopotamia, and 7,000 years older than Stonehenge.
wheels or writing, the people who erected them did not even have
pottery or domesticated wheat. They lived in villages. But they were
"Everybody used to think
only complex, hierarchical civilisations could build such monumental
sites, and that they only came about with the invention of
agriculture", said Ian Hodder, a Stanford University professor of
anthropology who has directed digs at Catalhoyuk, Turkey's best known
neolithic site, since 1993. "Gobekli changes everything. It's
elaborate, it's complex and it is pre-agricultural. That alone makes
the site one of the most important archaeological finds in a very long
With only a fraction of the
site opened up after a decade of excavation, Gobekli Tepe's
significance to the people who built it remains unclear. Some think it
was the centre of a fertility rite, with the two tall stones at the
centre of each circle representing a man and woman. It is a theory the
tourist board in nearby Urfahas......